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Name (click on name for
full experimental design)
Description
Ensemble
Size
Years (per
sim)
Total
years
Gaps of knowledge being
addressed with this experiment
Idealized equatorial eruption corresponding
 to an initial emission of 56.2 Tg of SO2.
 This eruption has a magnitude roughly
corresponding to the 1815 Tambora
eruption, the largest tropical eruption of the
 last five centuries, which was linked to the
"year without a summer" in 1816
9
20
180
Uncertainty in the climate response to strong volc-
anic eruptions, with focus on coupled ocean -atm-
osphere feedbacks and interannual to decadal
global as well as regional responses.The mismatch
between reconstructed and simulated climate res-
ponses to historical strong volcanic eruptions, with
 focus on the role of simulated background internal
climate variability
1991 Pinatubo forcing as used in the
CMIP6 historical simulations.  Requires
special diagnostics of radiative
and latent heating rates. A large number
of ensemble members is required to
address internal atmospheric variability.
25
3
75
Uncertainty in the climate response to
strong volcanic eruptions with focus on
short-term response.
Robustness of volcanic imprints on
Northern Hemisphere's winter climate and
of associated dynamics.
As volc-pinatubo-full, but with prescribed perturbation to the shortwave flux to mimic the attenuation of solar radiation by volcanic aerosols 25
3
75

Mechanism(s) underlying the dynamical atmospheric response to large volcanic eruptions, in particular in Northern Hemisphere’s winters. The experiment considers only the effect of volcanically induced surface cooling.

Complimentary experiment to volc-pinatubo-strat.
volc-pinatubo-fullAs , but with prescribed perturbation to the total (LW+SW) radiative heating rate
25
3
75

Mechanism(s) underlying the dynamical atmospheric response to large volcanic eruptions, in particular in Northern Hemisphere’s winter. The experiment considers only the effect of volcanically-induced stratospheric heating.

Complimentary experiment to volc-pinatubo-surf.
Tier 1 (core) experiments



















volc = volcano, long = long-term simulation, pinatubo = short-term simulation of the 1991 Pinatubo eruption, eq = equator, full = full-forcing simulation,
surf = short-wave forcing only, strat = stratospheric thermal (long-wave) forcing only



VolMIP
Model Intercomparison Project on the climatic response to Volcanic forcing
Copyright C 2015 by Davide Zanchettin  .  All Rights reserved  .  E-Mail: davide.zanchettin@unive.it